By Nona T. Barker and Richard W. Halsey
Photo: 2007 firestorms in San Diego County, courtesy of La Mesa Fire Dept.
January 22, 2020 (San Diego’s East County) -- As we watch Australia burn, many Californians remember the fear they felt as fires raged near their homes in recent years. Fires are a fact of life in much of California, but there are steps we can take to reduce the damage to people, property and our regional economy. One important commonsense step is to avoid building new houses in areas at the highest risk of burning.
Unfortunately, the urge to maximize profits seems to outweigh common sense for many big developers. Time and again, developers have requested amendments to the county’s General Plan to build massive sprawl housing projects in fire-prone areas of San Diego County. Our General Plan is a guide to sustainable growth in San Diego County. Despite the 13 years, millions of dollars, and widespread public input and support that went into developing the plan, our Board of Supervisors has shown time and again that it is inclined to support sprawl developments in our backcountry.
Measure A would put a stop to this short-sighted behavior. Under Measure A, voters get a direct voice in deciding whether large proposed housing developments that would increase zoned residential density in fire-prone rural and semi-rural areas can be built.
Measure A will NOT limit the construction of much-needed new housing in areas already approved for development in the General Plan. The plan already includes the opportunity to build 60,000 housing units ranging from apartments to single-family homes.
There are plenty of safe areas to build houses in the county. But if we build homes in locations that are known to burn – they’re going to burn.
Who can forget the images of people trying to escape the 2018 Camp Fire who were stuck in their cars as the fire advanced? Some of those people burned to death in their vehicles. That tragedy happened in part because there was inadequate road infrastructure to evacuate Paradise. At its peak, the Camp Fire spread by more than the length of a football field every second as embers blew a mile or more ahead of the fire front. Eighty-five people died in that fire and tens of thousands of people lost their homes.
Many of us also remember the massive 2003 Cedar Fire and the 2007 Witch and Harris Fires right here in San Diego County. People in those fires faced a similar situation: flammable homes built on a flammable landscape and a road system not up to the task of evacuating everyone who lived there. Thousands of people lost homes and livestock in those fires.
There is a reason why backcountry areas of San Diego County are zoned for low-density housing. So why are we even having this conversation?
Land speculators have learned that they can buy up rural land on the cheap that’s zoned for agriculture, open space and low-density residences. Then they go to the Board of Supervisors to secure a General Plan Amendment and build massive sprawl developments. These developments don’t help with the affordable housing crisis, as lower-income people can’t afford to buy them; they require taxpayer-funded new infrastructure to support them; and they often have inadequate roads for fire evacuations. One example of this scenario is the infamous Lilac Hills Ranch, where the developers proposed to build 1,700 homes in a fire-prone area zoned for about 100 homes. Another is Harmony Grove Village South, where the supervisors inexplicably approved a housing project that lacks secondary access despite the fire code requiring it—and in a dead end where 30 homes burned down in 2014’s Coco’s Fire.
In light of these facts, why do our county supervisors keep approving these high-risk sprawl developments? Certainly, they see the need for more housing. But don’t they also see that building lower-cost housing in areas that already have fire stations and adequate evacuation routes, and proximity to schools and jobs, is a better option?
Perhaps the supervisors want to believe in the best possible outcome. Perhaps they are stuck in an old-fashioned “pioneer mentality,” that everyone in the West deserves space to spread out. If so, they need to face the facts. The catastrophic fires that have swept through California’s rural areas in recent years have proven that a more cautious approach is required.
If you care about your safety and that of your neighbors throughout San Diego County, please join us in voting Yes on Measure A in the March 3rd election.
Nona T. Barker is a retired fire captain for San Diego County Service Area 107. Richard W. Halsey is the Director of the California Chaparral Institute, a non-profit organization focusing on the ecology of California’s chaparral ecosystems and the dynamics of wildland fire.
The opinions in this editorial reflect the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of East County Magazine. To submit an editorial for consideration, contact firstname.lastname@example.org