Women’s march is slated in San Diego Jan. 18
By Miriam Raftery
January 16, 2020 (San Diego) – It takes two-thirds approval by 38 states, plus Congress, to add an amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The Virginia Legislature today became the 38th state to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, (ERA) long after Congress did so, too. But the action sets the stage for legal challenges, since the deadline for ratification of the amendment granting equal rights to women has long since passed.
Virginia legislator Mark Keam tweeted, “On Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr’s 91st birthday, a dream came true in Virginia. A Dream of generations of women who have fought for equality under U.S. Constitution. With this vote, I and 58 of my @VaHouse colleagues voted on the right side of history.”
Efforts to attain Constitutional rights for women date back to the early days of our nation, when Abigail Adams implored her husband, founding father John Adams, to “remember the ladies” when drafting the Constitution, “for all men would be tyrants if they could.” She warned that if women were not granted rights, they would foment rebellion. But Adams ignored his wife, and women were omitted from the Constiution, following after the Declaration of Independence which stated that “all men are created equal.”
Local women’s rights activist Helen Horvath, who is also a candidate for the 50th Congressional district, hailed today’s news. “Abigail Adams must be dancing in heaven since her husband John ignored her request for women's rights,” she wrote in an email to ECM.
An equal rights amendment for women was called for in 1920 and first introduced in Congress in 1923. It wasn’t until 1972 that Congress finally passed the ERA, sending it to the states with a seven-year deadline for ratification by 1979. Congress extended the deadline to 1982, but still only 35 states had passed the ERA by that deadline, falling three states short.
It lay dormant until three years ago, when Nevada ratified the ERA, followed by Illinois a year later and this week, Virginia after its state legislature flipped from Republican to Democratic control. (Photo, right: Women cheer passaage of ERA in Virginia statehouse today.)
However, several Republican-controlled states have since rescinded their earlier approvals, so even if a court allowed states' late passages to count, it might also allow recissions to roll back approvals as well.
The Trump Justice department has taken the position that it will oppose adoption of the ERA since the deadline expired, contending that any ratification effort would need to begin anew, starting with Congress – an unlikely prospect given GOP control of the Senate currently.
But Virginia legislators and women’s rights activists are expected to ask federal courts to weigh in. They have a strong precedent. After all, the 27th Amendment to the Constitution regarding Congressional pay didn’t win passage until 1992—over 200 years after Congress first made a resolution for its adoption, according to Saikrishna Bangalore Prakash, a professor at the University of Virginia School of Law. He told ABC news that a lawsuit will likely be filed against the National Archives to compel it to ratify the amendment.
Meanwhile some Democratic women in Congress are pledging to introduce a new ERA measure.
Those in favor say an ERA is needed to provide permanent guarantees to women for equal pay, access to healthcare, and to protect against discrimination in employment, school and elsewhere based on gender.
Those opposed are predominantly right-wing groups fearful that an ERA might be interpreted by courts to prevent bans on abortion and restrictions on birth control access.
Still, the Virginia vote did include some Republicans in favor. “Equality is a message I think we should leave to our daughters,” said state Sen. Jennifer Kiggins (R). “I’m always ready to support an effort to allow every American to achieve their potential,” the Hill reports.
The ERA itself makes no mention of abortion. It would add simple, clear language to the Constitution ensuring that “equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.” It would also grant Congress the power to enforce the amendment.
Excitement among many women over the rekindling of the Equal Rights Amendment is expected to swell turnout for the 4th annual national women’s marches, including a women’s march in San Diego slated for this Saturday, January 18th. The local march will take place at Waterfront Park with performances at 10 a.m., speakers and 11 a.m. and the march at 12 noon.
The San Diego Women’s March posted on its Facebook page today, “We continue to rise! Thank you, Virginia for doing what is right.”